Hazing Prevention

Hazing and Bullying


The DIFFERENCE BETWEEN HAZING AND BULLYING is subtle, which is why they’re often used interchangeably. The same power dynamics are involved. The same intimidation tactics are used. The same second-class citizenship issues arise. The only real difference between hazing and bullying is that bullying usually involves singling out an individual at any time and bullying them as a means to exclude them. Hazing, on the other hand, involves including people by having them “earn” their way into a group or onto a team.

Bullying is about exclusion. Hazing is about inclusion.

What is Bullying?

Repeated actions or threats of action directed toward a person by one or more people who have (or are perceived to have) more power or status than their target in order to cause fear, distress or harm. Bullying can be physical, verbal, psychological or any combination of these three.

What is Hazing?

Hazing is any action taken or any situation created intentionally that causes embarrassment, harassment or ridicule and risks emotional and/or physical harm to members of a group or team, whether new or not, regardless of the person’s willingness to participate.

What is Cyber Bullying?

Intentional and repetitive mistreatment perpetrated through the use of technology.

How is Cyber Bullying Different from Traditional Bullying?

  • Anyone can anonymously assume the role of the “bully”
  • Causes as much or more distress:
    • Anonymity intensifies cruelty
    • Invisibility lessens empathy
    • Victimization is 24/7
    • Impact is instant, far-reaching

The Intersection of Bullying and Hazing – how are they similar?

  • Motivation for bullying and hazing is often identity-based
  • Imbalance of power exists
  • Left unchecked each can contribute to an environment where the behavior is acceptable
  • Each is a precursor to more destructive, hateful behavior

The Intersection of Bullying and Hazing – how are they different?

  • Bullying excludes the target from the group, whereas hazing is a ritual or process imposed on a person who wants to be part of the group
  • Bullies often act alone, but hazing usually involves a group, team or organization

Is There Bullying on College Campuses or is it a Middle School and High School Issue?

  • Conventional wisdom previously believed bullying was an elementary or middle school issue
  • Campus climate surveys reflect harassment, intimidation or other bullying-related behaviors
  • Workplace bullying: NIOSH found 1/4 of companies reported bullying in the past year

What is the Prevalence of Cyber Bullying?

  • University of New Hampshire study showed between 10-15% of students reported receiving repeated insulting and harassing electronic messages
  • Working to Halt Online Abuse-has reported an average of 100 requests a week from people who are 18+
  • There are more sites that promote cyber-bullying behavior among college students, such as Yik Yak
  • Reports of faculty and staff being cyber bullied are also rising

What is the Impact of Bullying on the Target Individual?

  • Depression
  • Isolation and loneliness
  • Anxiety
  • Poor performance in school
  • Health-issues
  • Low self-esteem
  • Marginalization
  • Thoughts of suicide